The Ethiopian historic town, Harar Jugol, is listed as a World Heritage site by UNESCO since 2006. Hidden far from the tourist and pilgrim paths that wind through eastern Ethiopia, Harar is a densely packed holy city that has retained its character and unbridled passion for all things coffee, despite centuries of struggle and conquest. Archaeologists claim the city was founded in the 10th century – legends say it existed far earlier – as a hub for Islamic traders and rapidly grew in importance. By the time European explorers were being turned away by the Sultan of Adal in the mid-1850s, the place was an independent city state hopped up on its own power and a lot of caffeine. The city fell to the Egyptians and was eventually incorporated into Ethiopia.
Harar is largely defined by the "Jugol," the walled old city, which is so well preserved that it is often referred to as a living museum. There are countless cafés full of the local blends that Arthur Rimbaud sold when he was a trader in Harrar in the late 19th century.
The fortified historic town of Harar is located in the eastern part of the country on a plateau with deep gorges surrounded by deserts and savannah. The Harari people are known for the quality of their handicrafts, including weaving, basket making and book-binding, but the houses with their exceptional interior design constitute the most spectacular part of Harar’s cultural heritage From 1520 to 1568 it was the capital of the Harari Kingdom. From the late 16th century to the 19th century, Harar was noted as a centre of trade and Islamic learning. In the 17th century it became an independent emirate. It was then occupied by Egypt for ten years and became part of Ethiopia in 1887. The impact of African and Islamic traditions on the development of the town’s specific building types and urban layout make for the particular character and even uniqueness of Harrar. “Source: UNESCO”
The coffee plant, which was discovered in Ethiopia in the 11th Century, has a white blossom that smells like jasmine and a recherry-like fruit. Back then, the leaves of the so-called "magical fruit" were boiled in water and the resulting concoction was thought to have medicinal properties. The story of Kaldi, the 9th-century Ethiopian goat herder who discovered coffee when he noticed how excited his goats became after eating the beans from a coffee plant.The goats were jumping around and dancing, all full of energy, the story goes. Curious, Kaldi tried the fruit himself, and felt a rush of energy. The original domesticated coffee plant is said to have been from Harar in Ethiopia.
Today, Ethiopia is Africa’s major exporter of coffee beans, the species known as Arabica, the quality coffee of the world, and the variety that originated in Ethiopia. Coffea Arabica, which was identified by the botanist Linnaeus in 1753, is one of the two major species used in most production.
One of the highest premium coffees in the world. Dry, hot, and desert climate is the characteristic of this region, which makes Harrar coffee the highest premium coffee in the world. This variety of Arabica is one of the oldest types produced in the world. Tirbona beans are naturally sun-dried and delicately hand roasted by traditioanal coffee artisans. A fine Harrar coffee has a very interesting dry edge to it, and sometimes a surprisingly pleasant, slightly fermented aftertaste including intense notes of jasmine. The intense aromatics make it a popular choice for espresso blends. Authentic blends of freshly ground coffee.